If anybody remembers, the Japanese were waging war on a budget (which became even more strained after Pearl Harbor) and still required pack horses and even ox carts for transportation. 4. Thanks . Your email address will not be published. When the fifth round was fed, the clip would fall empty out the bottom of the hopper and the next full clip would drop into place for feeding. They certainly relied on bicycles a lot too so they might have been fairly weight conscious. Unfortunately I could not tell you where exactly. ( you know how suicidal the japanese are) My grandmother swore it was a cyanide vial. I would like to have something to pass down to his great grand children (my nephews). Radium Rifle? The Norinco 313 is the semiauto commercial variation of the Type 81 LMG. Being fed from 5-round clips and without a quick-change barrel, the Type 11 was not really suited for sustained fire. From the photos that are uploaded here I can tell you a few things. © 2020 Forgotten Weapons.Site developed by Cardinal Acres Web Development. At Forgotten Weapons I think the most interesting guns out there are the most obscure ones. Weight consideration is a good point. Doesn’t sound like it worked so well but was a good idea to try since ammo was ready to use in anything. Anyway I looked at the first photo today ( the one taken in China ) It seems that my wife ‘s grandfather ‘s rank is that of a superior private. As many as 400,000 Type 14s were possibly produced. It was a decent weapon when used as intended. If the general direction covers half the sky, making a meaningful correction becomes pretty much impossible. I would like to know what you all think about what year this photo was taken in? But he also notes after firing 50 rounds semi-automatically, it never doubled and had to (much later)read the official tech manual on it to discover it was full-auto…with apparently a very slow rate of cycle. Why did Japanese fight to the death? The Russians readily saw the inherent problems of the idea, and it never progressed past prototype stage. The Heckler & Koch LMG11 was a part of the G11 project, the LMG component of the G11 family. A number of ideas were taken from the Czechoslovakian ZB 26 (an LMG design manufactured at the small arms factory in Brno, Czechoslovakia) and the Hotchkiss machine gun. It looks like something out of an Edgar Rice Burroughs “Mars” novel, and were there more surviving specimens, it might have made an excellent representation of a “radium rifle” in the recent film. (or maybe rightish.) The Type 96 had been introduced into combat service in 1936, and quickly proved to be a versatile weapon to provide covering fire for advancing infantry. He looks like a tough guy! I also have a funny story from my family about the U.S. perception of Japanese fanaticism . Sorry about the resolution had to take a pic of a pic. My friend not wanting cause problems told him that he thought that they were very brave. The gun is fed by standard 5-round stripper clips that were used by riflemen (specifically the, 6.5x50mm cartridges used by the Type 38 bolt action rifle). Sometimes the Tech Manual is right. The magazine had 6 rifle clips inside totaling 30 rounds. guntubearchiver. I have recently discovered a small (17″ by 3″) wooden box believed to be brought home from the Pacific during WWII by my wife’s grandfather. Thank you for this great website. Instead of the conventional gas-operated rotating system used in the G11 prototype series, the LMG-11 was recoil operated, with an action similar to a revolving aircraft gun. Hasegawa San The Type 11, named after the eleventh year of the reign of Emperor Taishō, or 1922, was modeled after the French Hotchkiss air-cooled, gas-operated heavy machine gun. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a63ab470f8a5beb763d797a531cc2068" );document.getElementById("d35a0bf1e3").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This was a common feature on early tripods, but again, it is very unusual to see a Type 11 tripod at all, much less set op for AA use. Type 11 manual (Japanese) Type 92 manual (Japanese) Type 96 manual (Japanese) Polish. English. You betcha fer sure on that, though, along with the type 96 and the type 99. guntubearchiver. one unusual feature of this gun not mentioned in the article, is the spike type bayonet (similar to that of the FG42) mounted under the barrel. This is Blake, the guy that sent the old photos. No carbines, or even side arms, not even a bayonet. The Japanese 6.5mm Type 96 LMG was introduced in 1936. It had a rate of fire of about 500 rounds per minute and it took the 6.5x50mm Arisaka cartridge. Forgotten Weapons - Type 92 Japanese HMG at James D Julia. Because they thought defeat meant death anyway, or slavery. The 8mm Nambu Type 1 submachine gun. The Type 11 (十一年式軽機関銃; Jū-ichi Nen Shiki Kei kikan-jū) is a Japanese light machine gun that was designed by Kijirō Nambu. Lastly, a picture from maintenance instruction during basic training. The muzzle velocity was 222 meters per second. Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email. Adopted by the Imperial Japanese Army in 1922, it remained in production until 1941. Is that really how they would practice? 3. Perhaps the bead is obscured somehow in the image? A list of desired characteristics were proposed and the design followed up on them; Firing must be possible in all static and dynamic firing conditions. The stock would folded downwards from the receiver and would be loaded with a 'block' of caseless ammunition. Phone: +1 (360) 200-1893 Mail: BattleGear Toys. It had a rate of fire of about 500 rounds per minute and it took the 6.5x50mm Arisaka cartridge. Captured Type 11 Nambus garnered some interest in Russian military circles in the 1930s, and an experimental variant of the DP28 light machine gun was manufactured using the same hopper feed system. Forgotten Weapons. Angled camming projections in the sides of the receiver slide the locking piece down to lock and up to open when the bolt cycles. The Type 11 included a foldable bipod and it also had a wooden butt which was built into the grip.There were some flaws to the design of the Type 1… My understanding is that a lot of the bad info originally came from a couple US Army documents, which have been taken as gospel ever since the 1940s. The Type 11 included a foldable bipod and it also had a wooden butt which was built into the grip.There were some flaws to the design of the Type 1… The Type 11 is a very interesting LMG, being feed through a multi stripper clip hopper and having a large external ejector arm. I’d like to learn as much info as I possibly can. The Type 11, when clean, is a very smooth and pleasant gun to shoot and quite reliable. Adopted as the IJAs first light machine gun, the type 11 was built by Nambu and had certain similarities to the Hotchkiss, namely the ribbed barrel. Blake, thank you for sharing your wife’s grandfather’s pictures. (another interesting story in itself ) Anyway he gave my grandmother a small brown medical vial with kanji on it. 17:11. Japanese troops invaded Manchuria in 1931, and by 1937 sporadic skirmishes had evolved into a full-scale war […], I was recently contacted by a fellow looking for information on the Japanese Type 1 heavy machine gun – a replacement for the Type 92 whose name would suggest it was adopted in 1941, but […]. Forgotten Weapons - Japanese Type 97 Tank Machine Gun. The weapon system entered operational service in 1922 and was produced from then up to 1941 to which some 29,000 examples were made in all. The first Japanese machine gun of indigenous design and manufacture (although it borrowed features from the French Hotchkiss M1897 design), the 6.5mm Type 11 LMG was introduced in 1922. I don’t have any references handy, but I’m pretty sure there were a couple of different models. 2. Olympia, WA 98501 USA A list of desired characteristics were proposed and the design followed up on them; Firing must be possible in all static and dynamic firing conditions. The bolt moves linearly back and forth with no special early leverage to aid extraction – a type of design which often has difficulties in field conditions. A special reduced charge round was then adopted for the Type 11, that totally negated the rationale for the hopper feed. The box magazines are very similar in appearance to AK magazines, but not directly interchangeable, as the Type 81 includes a hold open feature to lock the bolt open when the magazine is empty. I have one here on the desk next to me to compare with. We have several photographs of this gun over on the Kubynov LMG page. Notice that the other crew members support the tripod with their hands. According to Roy Dunlap in his book Ordnance Went Up Front, any unit with Type 11’s would be issued only reduced-charge 6.5mm. ... 11. I would love to see more pictures. The grenade discharger used either the standard grenade or a purpose designed bomb, interchangeably, as I recall. Some you probably already know. And as you have said he is a superior private. Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email. The look on her face said it all. A production line for the Vickers-Berthier Light Machine-Gun Mk 3 was established at the Ishapore Rifle Factory.The reasons for its failure were simple; it was heavier, at 24 pounds than the lighter Bren at 22 pounds. The British Army adopted the Bren, and the Vickers-Berthier was adopted by the British Indian Army. My wife says he was really curious and kind. Is this true, anyone? The Type 99 served the Imperial Japanese Army during most of World War 2. On the subject of aiming, does anyone know how that AA sight is supposed to work? It was designed to take advantage of the newer and more powerful 7.7x58mm Arisaka rifle cartridge and replace the Type 96 Light Machine Gun of similar scope. - taktik(z) Staging. My great uncle Don was on a artillery crew in the marines on Okinawa . It looks like a posed shot made to look impressive by having many guns in the same picture. By the way did you guys check out the after the range time photo ? Search. A hopper on the left side of the receiver held six clips, and had series of mechanical teeth activated by a cam track on the gas piston to pull cartridges off each clip and into the action. The reduced-power Meiji 30 cartridge produced a muzzle … Note that while not an officer, he does appear to be wearing a sidearm in a clamshell holster. ... Forgotten Weapons - Type 99 Arisaka with Nambu LMG Bipod. I guess, it is world apart, literally. Intended to replace the Type 11 Light Machine Gun, the Type 96 was an improved form but still completed with several inherent design limitations that were still prevelant in the Type 11 before it. Blake is an American living with his Japanese wife in Japan, and these photos are of her grandfather, Katsuji Aritsue, who served in the Imperial Japanese Army in China, where he was wounded. In other words, marginally able to resist a Sherman but basically defenseless against infantry. The first photo shows the man (Blake didn’t mention his name) in full formal kit with his Type 11, on its tripod. The Type 14 was an improved version of the Type A Nambu. The multi use approach they had with ammo and grenades would suggest logistics was quite a consideration in the choice of what designs were adopted. Certainly is a clamshell in photo 1. The Japanese Army was using the Type 96 light machine gun, an improvement over the previous Type 11 light machine gun. The handgun he is issued judging from the holster seems to be a Type 26 revolver. They seem to have really liked the idea of multi use gear. It was probably not solid enough for AA gunnery without such additional support. The Type 96 LMG had a curved 30-round box magazine and a cyclic rate of 550 rpm. During the British Army trials of several light machine guns which began in 1932, the Vickers-Berthier was in direct competition with the Bren light machine gun. The Type 11 also had a weight of 10.2 kg and it had a length of 110 cm. To ameliorate this potential problem, the Type 11 has an automatic oiler system to lubricate the cartridges prior to chambering. This is based on a grain of truth, but misunderstood. These Rifle clips came from the Type 38 Rifleand they were issued in boxes of 12 clips. © 2020 Forgotten Weapons.Site developed by Cardinal Acres Web Development. Even the people feeding them that propaganda tended to believe it. The Type 11 was a light machine gun system utilized by the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) and developed and accepted into service during the interwar years just in time for World War 2. Some idiot translated the characters as “knee mortar” and the ghosts of the original owners of the weapons probably would have laughed at the Americans who tried placing the mortars on their knees and firing them…, Didn’t know that about the name. Thanks for the comments. It is a good thing that the old gentleman survived the war, isn’t it? Canaidna inspecting Jap type 96 at Kiska Aug 1943 I believe this is a Canadian solider on the island of Kiska in the Aleutians, inspecting a Japanese Type 96 machine gun. Next up is a photo apparently from basic training, with the tripod being used in its anti-aircraft configuration. At Forgotten Weapons I think the most interesting guns out there are the most obscure ones. The magazine had 6 rifle clips inside totaling 30 rounds. (Type 97; Think a 150 pound Bren gun.) Your email address will not be published. Just how much can you carry while marching through a big country (China) where as far as you are concerned, everyone is simply out to kill you and take everything from your cold dead hands? Japanese Type 11 Light Machine Gun (includes x2 ammo clips). IMHO, this one is probably the most interesting one yet. One thing I notice is a ‘subtle'(or even spindly) appearance of those bipods and tripods. He said, the rather sad part was the crew was armed only with the 20mm. This is a very scarce and certainly unique early Japanese Type 11 light machine gun as adopted in 1922. The Type 11 was a light machine gun system utilized by the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) and developed and accepted into service during the interwar years just in time for World War 2. According to Ian’s article on this very site (https://www.forgottenweapons.com/light-machine-guns/type-11-nambu-lmg/), the reduced charge cartridge was designed to reduce muzzle flash rather than fix any reliability issues. The muzzle velocity was 222 meters per second. Forgotten Weapons - Japanese Type 1 Paratroop Folding Rifles at RIA ... Forgotten Weapons - Japanese Type 26 Revolver - Shooting and Mechanism. Thank you very much for the info. The Nambu Type 1, sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Type 2A, was a Japanese submachine gun that was developed in 1934 and produced by the Nambu Arms Manufacturing Company. For what it’s worth, given the multitude of unfortunate technical errors in his book (for which I don’t really blame him – working from own experience in the war and limited reference material). It was the first indigenously-designed light machine gun to see service in the Imperial Japanese Army. guntubearchiver. Thanks for the comment. These revolvers were issued to machine gunners as their backup weapon. It was trialed by the Imperial Japanese Army in the mid-1930s and offered for … You can see a diagram here of the feed mechanism (click to enlarge): The hopper on the receiver also necessitated the sights being offset to the right of the bore. Enjoy what you read on Forgotten Weapons? John George mentions in “Shots Fired In Anger,” relates the captured Type 97 20mm anti-tank rifle was great fun at their Beachcomber’s club until they ran out of ammunition. A new loading was introduced for this reason, which had a slightly lower muzzle velocity (under 100fps), but burned much more completely in the Type 11 short barrel and produced much less flash as a result. The Type 11 is one of those typically eccentric looking Japanese automatic weapons. Unfortunately I am too old to tackle such a different new language. The type 11 on the ground right side has what appears to be a heavy leather pad under the barrel and gas tube. Interesting, but mechanically unreliable. guntubearchiver. ‘Twould seem the Chicom lot was using anything they could get their hands upon including supposedly, lend-lease Thompsons. The Type 11 is a very interesting LMG, being feed through a multi stripper clip hopper and having a large external ejector arm. This would date the pictures as taken between 1931 to 1938. The "Type 14 Nambu" was designed in 1925 with the goal of simplifying manufacturing to reduce cost. The M249 is manufactured in the United States by the local … Adopted by the Imperial Japanese Army in 1922, it remained in production until 1941. Designed by Kijiro Nambu to replace his 1922 Type 11 LMG (which was fed by a unique hopper mechanism using 5-round rifle stripper clips), the Nambus are often mistaken for copies of the Bren gun. The Type 11 uses a distinctive hopper feed, and is a better gun than generally believed. George also notes, by the way, that the type 11 was not equipped with a bayonet stud, nor a carrying handle.. The Type 96 Light Machine Gun served with the Imperial Japanese Army from 1936 to the end of World War 2 in 1945. Thanks to such an ‘exotic’ source we get a unique insight from what was “the other side”. The LMG11 is an extension of the G11 design into an LMG format. 1:6th Scale Miniature. The uniform would suggest this is probably after the Marco polo bridge incident and before the type 98 uniforms were designed. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a4b257bb9a84680a2e726e79af135c99" );document.getElementById("f5959dad69").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The trigger mechanism of the Type 11 was a simple one, and the gun fired in full-automatic only from an open bolt. Customer service is available Monday - Friday 0900 - 1700 PST. Please consider, Reloaders - 7.62/308 Shoulder Expansion Info. The wheels really came off when it was learned through experience that full power rifle ammunition exacerbated the reliability issues. Ian, thanks for yet another outstanding presentation. There are also some long-lived misconceptions surrounding the Type 11. This is a very scarce and certainly unique early Japanese Type 11 light machine gun as adopted in 1922. Reader Blake sent me a couple very interesting photos recently, and they show a pretty unusual item – a Nambu Type 11 tripod. As far as I know, there was no burst limiter on the Type 11 – although once it got dirty poor reliability may have effectively limited it to short bursts. The Japanese 6.5mm Type 96 LMG was introduced in 1936. A British Small Arms Committee (SAC) minute of June 1940 established the requirement of a ‘Garage Hands Gun’ or what is typically referred to today as a ‘last-ditch’ gun (see Grant, 2013). 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