Just when is ripe enough can be determined technically by brix meters to measure the sugar, but the Peckhams have some simpler tests to help them judge ripeness. It’s a bit more work, but all our ciders are made from apples pressed by hand using a traditional rack and cloth cider press. Honeycrisp and Pink Lady continue to move up the chart, and Red Delicious is moving down. 4: Espalier apples. Their cider with a hint of boysenberry is a great example of this. Fuji. The cream flesh has a nice texture and is firm, sweet and juicy. See our guide (above) on the qualities of the most popular cider apples. But many of the old European varieties are even tastier, juicier, and healthier. There are over 8000 apple varieties, and we’ve contributed a few. The pure fruit flavours shine through – without adding sugar. That is not to say the fruit should be rotten. Apparently one of his favourite early apples. Grapes. Taste/texture: sweet, tart, crisp, firm flesh. Check out Ben’s website for more information The final simple two tests are pop and pip. But don't be fooled by cider's beguiling simplicity. Over 7,500 cultivars of the culinary or eating apple (Malus pumila) are known. Developed in New Zealand, the NZ Rose tends to be a larger sized apple. www.dialatree.co.nz, https://thisnzlife.co.nz/kiwi-accountants-passion-project-leads-study-disease-fighting-properties-heritage-apples-orange-tomatoes/, Contact Us / Newsletter / Advertise With Us / Subscribe, 5 orchard lessons from an orchardist who admits her mistakes, How this French traveler became a proud tiny-home owner in Burkes Pass, Signs your chickens might have gapeworm PLUS how to treat it, 5 common egg imperfections and what they say about your chickens. One of the biggest disappointments of the home cider maker is creating a mouth-puckering bone dry brew that bears no resemblance to their favourite tipple. If you have room in your orchard it is well worth branching out into some unusual varieties of apple. Our aim for this small business is to provide a diversity of apple cultivars, primarily heritage varieties, on vigorous rootstock for home orchards. It has been described as having an 'authentic apple taste'. Alex describes an under-ripe 'Cox', perhaps picked for supermarket sale, to be crisp, bland, acidic with moderate sweetness. These specially grafted trees have compatible varieties that grow happily together on one tree, without one out-competing the other. These varieties were Monty’s Surprise, a unique and versatile New Zealand seedling variety; Hetlina, an old European eating apple; and Fuero Rous, a traditional European cider apple. Copy of the Southern Hemisphere Association of Fresh Fruit Exporters” (SHAFFE) letter supporting the need for a derogation for miniature apple varieties. Whereas the juice from a nice but acidic 'Egremont Russet' blended with a low acid variety such as 'Fuji' may give you a wonderful base for cider with just a hint of tannin from a few added crabapples. Ambrosia. It has thin skin that needs to be handled with care, that reveals a creamy coloured firm flesh. The Peckhams built up their collection of over 30 varieties by obtaining graft wood off other growers and trees from Allenton Nurseries in Ashburton which has now closed. They must be fed annually with manure or compost – old apple trees you thought were rubbish can respond brilliantly to this treatment. New Zealand’s largest organic apple grower, Bostock New Zealand has been making the most of the sunny Hawke’s Bay weather, busily planting about 4000 new apple trees each day. “In the old days they kept a lovely mix of apples going,” says Robyn. They are always very sweet, crisp and juicy. Duffs Early Jewel is a self-fertile variety and is a good pollinator for other varieties too. Shows good disease resistance. In NZ, Samuel Marsden introduced apples at Kerikeri in 1819 and exports to the UK began in 1888. Orchards were carefully tended by monks in monastery gardens. Grafted on M793 rootstock improving tolerance to clay soils. Our Apple Trees For Sale. Alex and Caroline ground harvest a good portion of their crop and the rest is hand harvested when very ripe. Trees of these specific cider apple varieties are hard to come by in New Zealand. Hops. Boysenberries. aka Apple. Feed your apples in spring and summer to encourage maximum flowering and fruiting. But even if you do over-ferment and create one of these bone dry brews at home, all is not lost either. 7 pages of apple variety notes covering about 14 varieties - with photos of each- mostly formally descriptive, taken from 'Apples of New York' by S. A. All apple varieties we know today originate from a wild ancestor that is found in the mountains of Central Asia. In celebration of this year's bounty from the apple orchard, here is our guide on British apple varieties, with a brief look at the history of orchard, tasty recipe ideas and tips on growing your own apple tree But a good cider still sticks to the fundamentals. The idea that every apple is a good apple is fake news. Nut Trees. Appendix 3. These are the flavours that properly ripe fruit impart to a great cider. NZ$16.99 per month after free trial. For you it might be Otago apricots, a sweet navel orange or an old nut tree but the very best of the crops arrive in store first so to get the pick of the varieties get into store as soon as you can. Beach., recipe pages, feedback area, nutitional notes. Prepare your soil with organic matter like compost and sheep pellets. Well, one wander around Peckham's cidery in Tasman's Moutere Hills during the autumn harvest will surely send you home fermenting a plan to make your own cider. Bulletproof organic wilderness varieties include Fuji, Egremont Russett (healthy and with its own distinctive flavour), and Sturmer Pippin, a good all-round cooker and eater. Plant at any time of year. Ever fancied making cider? Next, we steer well clear of any added sugar, preservatives, artificial flavours or colours. Adore®, Gala, Peasgood Nonsuch, Ariane, Golden Delicious, Pink Lady®, Baujade, Granny Smith, Priscilla, Blenheim Orange, Hetlina, Red Delicious, Bramley's Seedling, Initial, Royal Gala, Dayton, Kidd's Orange Red, Divine®, Laxton's Fortune, Freyberg, Monty's Surprise & Winter Banana. 'Kingston Black' and 'Sweet Alford' would be one such pairing. Espaliering is the age-old art of growing fruit trees in a two-dimensional space along a sturdy wire frame or against a wall. It is made with apple juice and skill. They have noticed lower yields without this pruning. Supermarkets prefer long-keeping, reddish-looking apples which often have no taste at all. This will free our lives from the blandness of commercial apples, which substitute looks and shelf-life for real flavours and qualities. There are more than 14,000 recorded apple varieties in the world but you’ll only find between 10 and 20 types – most of them modern commercial breeds – if you go shopping in a typical NZ supermarket. Oh - none of our nurseries use peat. Ever made it and regretted it? This country now grows 5% of the world’s export apples. How will I know when to harvest cider apples? - high quality. Tara Ward sets out on a valiant quest to find the best apple in Aotearoa. Physical: T&G building, 2 Monahan Rd, Mt Wellington, Auckland 1060. Lambourne Marketing in Tasman and Tasty Trees in Kaitaia both carry some varieties of cider apples in their catalogues. Here for NZ Apples – āporo ... With over 62 orchards and nearly a million apple trees there’s a lot of deliciously sweet apples to pick almost all year round. Cider apples have flavour profiles such as bittersweet, bitter and sharp, and a mix of apples from each profile goes into making the perfect blend – not unlike blending whisky. Today, stewed bottled apples keep all year. Under Theo's care the one-year-old trees have done very well and stand at around 1.5m tall. Add a layer of citrus and fruit mix to plant into. Yummy Hawke’s Bay Office (Orchard & Packhouse): 548 St Georges Rd, Hastings, Hawke’s Bay 4172, NZ. Traditional and rare heritage apple trees, listed with links to photos and descriptions, all container grown and supplied direct to the public. 1. By contrast, Laxton’s Superb and Fiesta tolerate hard frosts even when in flower. Our We use a mix of traditional European Cider apples and the best Organic NZ apple varieties. The young apple trees were then planted out on Theo van Rijen's property at Wills Road. Alex feels somehow there is a belief that if you eat a sharp apple, then that is the one for cider. Apples were among the first plants that people planted on purpose. If your thumb can press into the apple with a pop and leave an indent without mushing it, then it is ripe. One man's dry is another man's medium, he maintains, and Caroline agrees. If you want to eat something far more worthwhile, a visit to your local Tree Crops harvest sharing day will inform your palate as to the fabulous and varied tangy flavours apples can have. Origin: 1952 chance seedling Nelson, NZ. Cider is wine's friendly cousin. All apple trees benefit from some pruning and spraying, and cider apple trees are no exception. Our name is synonymous with high quality natural food ingredients. While the Peckhams don't manicure their trees like culinary apple crops, they do still prune for structure and do some fruit thinning to overcome the biannual bearing habit of some varieties. This has the genetic history of that variety of tree and it can be joined (grafted) on to a new young apple or pear tree rootstock. Branches laden with glowing mellow fruit, damp grass, crisp mornings and a sweet smell rising from heaps of pomace (spent pulp) have me reaching for my basket and press. Training your palate to taste the juice and adjust accordingly is one of the best things a home cider maker can do. Trees of these specific cider apple varieties are hard to come by in New Zealand. Pack: 18kg Z pack | … Sample fruit from varieties of apple trees you think you might want before you commit to planting. For the home orchardist or forager, taste the fruit regularly in the weeks leading up to picking – until you get those nutty flavours as well as the crisp, clean acid and sugar. It is a balance, and any rot in the fruit will also come through as musty notes in the finished cider. The Peckhams have learned that true cider is an expression of the fruit, the soil and the maker. The ripeness of fruit is all when it comes to a good cider. Ripe after Vaile Early and Early Strawberry, before Freyburg and is an excellent second early apple. Do I need to prune and spray cider apple trees? NZ invented the Braeburn which has been taken up internationally, and newly-developed local varieties like Pacific Rose, Jazz and Lemonade have fantastic flavours and juice levels. Egyptian Pharaohs ordered the planting of apples in the Nile Delta in the 13th century BC. email@example.com. Box 31 542, Milford, Auckland 0741. It has a rich, sweet flavour with crisp and juicy flesh. A modern apple with beautiful bright red skin. Blackberries. There is an apple for every situation and we should celebrate our temperate climate, and our history, by planting the greatest variety possible. The colour of the pips when you cut it open also indicate ripeness – black pips are ripe while light brown is not. Worcester Pearmain, which has pink-tinged tangy intense flesh. Apple Journal JJJ A commercial site aiming to build as the 'hub' for all things apple. Below are listed all the apple varieties which we grow and include in the printed catalogue - for you and posterity. Bramleys and cooking apples generally do not seem to be available in NZ, so what do you guys use ? Top Tips. Developed in New Zealand, NZ Beauty tends toward medium sizing and has two-thirds red blush over a cream background. For the past 10 years, they have been honing their knowledge and skills as cider growers and makers to turn this bounty into some of the country's finest artisan ciders, winning acclaim and awards for the Peckham's brand along the way. The secret is tasting the fruit. 2. Description: This is an apple that was sent to us by an old friend of Hayward Wrights (One of NZ’s most famous plant breeders of Kiwi fruit fame). Take the 'Cox's Orange Pippin'. Mara Whenua Apple Trees New Zealand. There are over 8000 apple varieties, and we’ve contributed a few. There aren't many fruit tree nurseries left here, and we think it's important to support them and the varieties they sell. After you know what varieties of apple trees you can grow, the question becomes which of those you’d prefer to grow. Blueberries. For this part of the apple tree selection process, you get to rely at least in part on your good old taste buds. More heirloom varieties are being grown as sp [ecialty crops, and of course, every year sees some new varieties, most notably, those … British apple guide: traditional apple varieties and recipe ideas, plus how to grow your own tree. The company has been pulling out it’s old apple varieties and planting new trees to keep up with the international demand for organic, GM Free fruit. One of the world’s favourites is the old English Cox’s Orange Pippin,which has the perfect balance of sweetness and tanginess. Just don't put the lid back on it and pop it in the cupboard as it may well start to ferment again. But many of the … Peach varieties. With that in mind it makes sense that we have an apple tree or two in our own gardens, with 130 varieties there is sure to be something for most climates. Good storage. Here are some tips on how to prune apple trees. Neolithic steppe dwellers of Central Asia brought the pips west into Europe and selected the biggest and best, planting orchards around their farms. Raspberries. Grows in a tidy pyramidal shape. But cider making is not all wandering and wassailing, especially not during harvest. And these basic tenets of fruit, land and technique have enabled the Peckhams to create a range of ciders that suit the Kiwi palate. But while pressing a bucket of 'Granny Smiths' might make a lovely clean, crisp apple juice, it may ferment into a decidedly sharp cider without further special malolactic fermentation. Most ciders are blends for this reason, and if you are only planting a couple of trees, the Peckhams advise choosing ones that give a balanced blend and ripen at the same time. And while fermenting out all the natural fruit sugars is a common trap, Alex believes that dry is in the eye of the beholder. Advertisement What they really love is all-day sun and well-drained soil. Appearance: soft pink red blush or stripes – yellow background Harvest time: late March – April Origin: Japan 1950’s cross between Rall’s and Red Delicious Taste/texture: firm texture and very crisp. Hi Everyone Not too sure where I should have placed this subject, but I guess it will get read. Blenheim Orange can grow to the size of a pumpkin. A few receipts I have looked at just say APPLES, with no reference to a variety. Washing, cleaning and sorting apples are key to weeding out unwanted fruit and debris. Plum varieties. Thank you for your interest in these organically grown apple trees. We source over 100 varieties of apple tree from several specialist traditional nurseries in the UK, so they are ALL British grown and - we hope! Very sweet with attractive aroma. Their trunk pruning regime involves taking out three or four branches from a tree to aid openness for fruit ripening and harvesting. There’s a bunch of delicious apple varieties’ that are grown throughout New Zealand. The first is taste the fruit. It is very crisp and juicy, with a sweet taste and clean white flesh. Apples were dried or made into cider. Apple Footer. That doesn't mean it is stuck in a rut; cider is evolving as the new craft beer with cideries popping up everywhere. Grafted onto Peach or Myrobalam (see descriptions under ‘rootstock’). Braeburn. 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The Tui NZ Fruit Garden has just arrived on my desk, with a comprehensive guide to growing and caring for apples (as well as every other fruit imaginable) this really is a must for home gardeners who are growing or wanting to grow fruit. Big old apple trees near Glastonbury Tor, an area known as the land of apples since the dark ages. Over the centuries, humans have selected for various traits like firmness, color, and sweetness and today, there are over 7,500 apple cultivars. Even in the last few years, at tastings, she has noticed a shift in customer preferences away from the sweeter ciders to the drier, more complex flavours of some products in their range. Apple trees, seeds, cuttings, and beehives were all imported to the Americas from 1622 onwards. Choosing varieties is all about getting a blended juice with a good structure, you want: * a balance of astringency, tannin, and sweetness; * a good aroma. Triple or double grafted varieties are available from garden centres. The Peckhams have spent a decade honing their skills as cider growers and makers. They have also found that a basic spray programme for fungal diseases is necessary. Currants. It has a rosy pink to red blush over a yellow background. The question is what type of fresh apple do you use in NZ to make things like apple pie and apple crumble. Cox’s Orange Pippin, a red and green very tasty apple, isolated on white. NZ invented the Braeburn which has been taken up internationally, and newly-developed local varieties like Pacific Rose, Jazz and Lemonade have fantastic flavours and juice levels. Varieties Kanzi ® Kanzi® apples have a delicious sweet and tangy taste, with their knock-out flavour coming from the variety’s parents – the sweet Royal Gala and the tangy Braeburn. As New Zealand’s leading ingredients company we meet the demands of our food and beverage clients by developing customised ingredient solutions. But if you can't get your hands on a 'Kingston Black' or a 'Broxwood Foxwhelp' tree, it doesn't mean you can't make good cider. Yummy Auckland Office (Sales & Marketing): Postal: P.O. This helps us know which varieties do best in which area and will help us locate them again. Apples tend to do better in areas with a good winter chill, ie 1000 hours below 7°C, although low chill varieties exist such as Gala and Pink Lady for growers in the Far North. Cedenco. That’s not including the ‘fruit’ that Adam and Eve purportedly ate which was not specifically an apple in the original Hebrew. In early April, while the culinary apple crop is all but picked, the Peckhams are still hard at work bringing in their cider apples. ‘Floribunda’ is often planted for its delicate pink blossom and ‘Golden Hornet’ for its decorative profusion of red and yellow fruits. Some are … Early Queen is a bi-coloured apple with a stunning deep red skin colour. Apple Fitness+ requires a subscription. Plan automatically renews after trial until cancelled. “But supermarkets want the … Pink Lady. Copy of “World Apple and Pear Association” (WAPA) letter supporting the need for a derogation for miniature apples varieties. In New Zealand winter is the optimum time to plant apple trees. Caroline advises that with the addition of a little apple juice or elderflower cordial, there is every chance that you will be able to transform your cider from puckering to perfect. Taking cuttings Scion wood is the proper name of the cuttings we take from the newest growth on an old apple or pear tree. The story of apples is the story of civilisation. But take that same apple at peak ripeness and not only will you have the acid and sweetness but you also get all the mellow nutty flavours that linger on your palate. NZ ROSE. What apple varieties are best for making cider? Anyone can buy a Golden or Red Delicious at the supermarket but the trees are fussy and commercial apples don’t tend to grow well without chemical assistance. One autumn Saturday, Alex and Caroline Peckham spared me time to discuss the art and science of it, between the pressing task of making cider. The Apple One free trial includes only services that you are not currently using through a free trial or a subscription. Some apple varieties are self-fertile, but many require a pollinator apple. Then there are cooking apples like Bramley’s Seedling, cider apples like Kingston Black, and juicing apples like Discovery. Gooseberries. Apples keep the doctor away, and modern science is finding this to be true, with tests for health-promoting ‘anthrocyanins’ (the red bits) showing that the Monty’s Surprise apple is twice as health-giving as its nearest rival. Often planted with other apple trees as a pollinator. 06 877 8127 Crab apple: old-fashioned varieties with small, bitter fruit that are most often made into jams, jellies and sauces. While it's true that you can make cider from pretty much any apple, there are also apple varieties which have been bred specifically to give sweetness or sharpness to cider. Size and pricing (inc GST) All apple, plums, peaches, quinces and non inter-stocked pears are as follows:- 1 year old maidens 1.0m - 1.5m READ MORE: * Homegrown vegetables for a chef's garden * NZ Gardener's top tips for Kiwi home orchards * Grow an edible hedge. Here are some tips on when to harvest apples. All peaches are on Golden Queen peach rootstock (see descriptions under ‘rootstock’). What type of fresh apple do you guys use 's care the one-year-old trees have done well! Taste the juice and adjust accordingly is one of these specific cider varieties! 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